In 2009, the New Turkish Lira (TRY, abbreviated to TL) became the official currency of Turkey. It is divided into 100 kuruş and is composed of (1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 kuruş, and 1 lira) coins and (5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 lira) banknotes.
The official language of Turkey is Turkish, not at all easy for the tourist, however, the merchants have a good command of English, Spanish, Italian and much more...
The most common way to reach Istanbul is by plane. Two airports receive international flights: Atatürk (the most important, on the European side) and Sabina Gökçen (on the Asian side). The main airline is Turkish Airlines.
The Turks are Muslims, a religion that permeates their everyday lives, with six calls to prayer every day, prayers in the mosque and, above all, strict fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Istanbul is situated on two continents: Europe and Asia. The two are separated by the Bosphorus strait, which can be crossed by ferry or by road across two enormous bridges: the Bosphorus and the FSM.
Turkey is in the UTC+02:00 time zone, so it is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
The city has a Mediterranean climate, with long, mild and humid summers and temperatures reaching 40°C in July. Winters are cold, rainy with some snow.
The whole country uses 230V and 50Hz two round pin plugs.
The emergency number is 112. It is best to take out insurance in your own country to cover any accident.
Transport from the airport
Once you have landed you can get to the city centre by taxi, metro or the ‘havaş’ shuttle buses that leave you in Taksim, Istanbul’s central square.